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From 1981 to 2011, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) operated the Space Transportation System, commonly known as the Space Shuttle Program (Shuttle), with the world's first reusable spacecraft to carry humans into orbit. It transported satellites into space and serviced them, carried scientific experiments, and was used to build the International Space Station (ISS) and later carry astronauts to and from the station. In 2004, it was announced that the Shuttle would be retired, and 2010 was established as the retirement date.